Anne Hutchinson was a Puritan religious leader and midwife who moved from England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in The following are some facts about Anne Hutchinson: Francis Marbury was a dissident minister who had been silenced and imprisoned many times for complaining about the poor training of English clergymen.
English-born Anne Marbury Hutchinson was banished from the Massachusetts colony and excommunicated from its church for dissenting from the Puritan orthodoxy. Her "case" was one of several prefiguring the eventual separation of church and state in America.
Anne Marbury was born in Alford, Lincolnshire, the eldest daughter of a strong-willed Anglican priest who had been imprisoned and removed from office because of his demand for a better-educated clergy. In the family moved to London, where her father was reinstated to the clergy.
He died inleaving his daughter a legacy of biblical scholarship and religious independence. The following year Anne returned to her birthplace as the bride of William Hutchinson, a prosperous cloth merchant.
For the next 20 years she operated the household, acquired a knowledge of medicinal herbs, and cared for over a dozen children. Adopting Puritanism, she often journeyed to St. When the Anglican Church silenced him and he left for the colony of Massachusetts in America, Hutchinson became extremely distraught.
She finally persuaded her husband to leave for America, so that she could follow her religious mentor. The Hutchinson family was well received in Massachusetts.
William Hutchinson was granted a desirable house lot in Boston, and both husband and wife quickly became church members. William Hutchinson resumed his career as a merchant, became a landowner, and was elected a town selectman and deputy to the General Court.
When she was criticized for failing to attend weekly prayer meetings in the homes of parishioners, she responded by holding meetings in her own home. She began by reiterating and explaining the sermons of John Cotton but later added some of her own interpretations, a practice that was to be her undoing.
But grace and works had to be kept in proper balance.
On the other hand, to overemphasize grace was to assert a religious individualism that denied the necessity of moral living and by implication rejected clerical leadership, church discipline, and civil authority.
While Cotton had maintained his balance in this most difficult of issues, Hutchinson did not, and she finally came to stress grace to the exclusion of works in determining salvation.
The origin of her views is difficult to discover. Certainly Cotton had influenced her. She probably held her beliefs prior to her arrival in Boston, but she evidently did not advance them until the meetings in her home.
But others came in search of a more meaningful and personal relationship with their God. As she attracted followers and defenders, the orthodox Puritans organized to oppose her doctrines and her advocates.
The issue of grace as opposed to works assumed political significance and ultimately divided Massachusetts into hostile camps. The orthodox Puritans called the Hutchinson group "Antinomians," or those who denied the applicability of moral law to the saved, and the Hutchinsonians referred to orthodox Puritans as "Legalists," or those who trusted only the observance of church laws as a sign of salvation.
The orthodox Puritans, always a majority in the colony, came to demand repudiation of what seemed not only religious error but also potential social chaos. The Puritan orthodoxy began its assault on the dissenters in the May election.
Henry Vane, a Hutchinson defender, was defeated for reelection to the governorship by John Winthrop, an opponent of her views. In the summer a synod was called in order that the "errors" of the Hutchinsonians could be identified and dealt with by the government.
Following a special election in October, in which the orthodoxy increased its political strength, the government moved against individuals.
The court then moved against Hutchinson.
It was a difficult situation. As a woman, her words had not been public and she had not participated in the political maneuvers surrounding the controversy. Called before the court, she was accused of sedition and questioned extensively. She defended herself well, however, demonstrating both biblical knowledge and debating skill.
This conflicting evidence would have cleared her, but she brashly intervened and, before it was over, had declared herself the recipient of direct revelations from God, without aid of either Scripture or clergy.
This assertion of direct communion with God was regarded as the vilest heresy by all, and it sealed her doom. She was banished as a woman "not fit for [Massachusetts] society.Anne Hutchinson was a Puritan religious leader and midwife who moved from England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in The following are some facts about Anne Hutchinson: Hutchinson was born Anne Marbury in Alford, Lincolnshire, England on July 20, and was the daughter of Bridget Dryden and Francis Marbury, a Deacon .
After William Hutchinson died in , realizing her future in Rhode Island was uncertain, Anne Hutchinson moved with her children to New York, to the area that is now Pelham Bay Park, which was then the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam.
Anne Hutchinson (née Marbury; July – August ) was a Puritan spiritual adviser, mother of 15, and an important participant in the Antinomian Controversy which shook the infant Massachusetts Bay Colony from to Nov 09, · Watch video · Anne Hutchinson was an influential Puritan spiritual leader in colonial Massachusetts who challenged the male-dominated religious authorities of the time.
Anne Hutchinson, was born Anne Marbury, in Alford, Lincolnshire, England, in July, , the daughter of Bridget Dryden and Francis Marbury, a deacon at Christ Church, Cambridge. Anne Hutchinson Facts and Biography By Russell Yost Anne Hutchinson was a Puritan, mother of 15, and an important participant in the Antinomian Controversy which caused much disruption in the Massachusetts Bay Colony from to