How to Write a Summary of an Article?
Simplicity by William Zinsser Clutter is the disease of American writing. We are a society strangling in unnecessary words, circular constructions, pompous frills and meaningless jargon. Who can understand the viscous language of everyday American commerce and enterprise: What member of an insurance or medical plan can decipher the brochure that tells him what his costs and benefits are?
Our national tendency is to inflate and thereby sound important. The sentence is too simple - there must be something wrong with it. But the secret of good writing is to strip every sentence to its cleanest components. Every word that serves no function, every long word that could be a short word, every adverb which carries the same meaning that is already in the verb, every passive construction that leaves the reader unsure of who is doing what - these are the thousand and one adulterants that weaken the strength of a sentence.
And they usually occur, ironically, in proportion to education and rank.
During the late s the president of a major university wrote a letter to mollify the alumni after a spell of campus unrest. I would have preferred the presidential approach oaken by Franklin D. Thoreau said it, as we are so often reminded, and no American writer more consistently practiced what he preached.
Open Walden to any page and you will find a man saying in a plain and orderly way what is on his mind: I never found the companion that was so companionable as solitude. We are for the most part more lonely when we go abroad among men than when we stay in our chambers.
A man thinking or working always alone, let him be where he will. Solitude is not measured by the miles that intervene between a man and his fellows.
The really diligent student in the crowded hives of Cambridge College is as solitary as a dervish in the desert.
The answer is to clear our heads of clutter. Clear thinking becomes clear writing: It is impossible for a muddy thinker to write good English. He may get away with it for a paragraph or two, but soon the reader will be lost, and there is no sin so grave, for he will not easily be lured back.
Who is this elusive creature the reader? He is a person with an attention span of about twenty seconds. He is assailed on every side by forces competing for his time: The man snoozing in his chair with an unfinished magazine open on his lap is a man who was being given too much unnecessary trouble by the writer.
My sympathies are with him. If the reader is lost, it is generally because the writer has not been careful enough to keep him on the path. This carelessness can take any number of forms.
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Perhaps a sentence has been so shoddily constructed that the reader could read it in any of several ways. Perhaps the writer has switched pronouns in mid-sentence, or has switched tenses, so the reader loses track of who is talking or when the action took place.
Perhaps Sentence B is not a logical sequel to Sentence A - the writer, in whose head the connection is clear, has not bothered to provide the missing link.
Perhaps the writer has used an important word incorrectly by not taking the trouble to look it up. He may think that "sanguine" and "sanguinary" mean the same thing, but the difference is a bloody big one. The reader can only infer speaking of big differences what the writer is trying to imply.
Faced with these obstacles, the reader is at first a remarkably tenacious bird. He blames himself - he obviously missed something, and he goes back over the mystifying sentence, or over the whole paragraph, piecing it out like an ancient rule, making guesses and moving on.
The writer is making him work too hard, and the reader will look for one who is better at his craft. The writer must therefore constantly ask himself:An Example Of Good Writing: Zinsser's "Simplicity" Zinsser's essay on Simplicity is an example of good writing for many reasons.
The main topic in his essay is clutter. The main topic in his essay is clutter. Oct 02, · Writing is an art form created by past experiences, future hopes, fantasies, and limitless imagination.
It brings feelings, knowledge, adventure, mystery, and foreign times and places to life. Ph a deep seeded passion and yearning for change D School of Simplicity: The four basic an analysis of the essay simplicity by zinsser Can you write my essay premises of writing are clarity.
essays. how to format papers an analysis of the essay simplicity by zinsser in APA Style. essay he not only tells us why this is a problem, but he shows us through.
many detailed examples. The essay was written so that anyone who reads. it could understand it. He does not use complex words that often tend to. loose a reader.
Zinsser asks questions throughout the essay that cause the. reader to think and feel as though he is a part of the essay/5(11). Oct 04, · William Zinsser illustrates the importance of simplicity that one should keep in mind while writing an essay.
He states that “clutter” is the main reason and the number one problem why American writers struggle while writing. An Example Of Good Writing: Zinsser's "Simplicity" Zinsser's essay on Simplicity is an example of good writing for many reasons.
The main topic in his essay is clutter. Throughout the essay he not only tells us why this is a problem, but he shows us through many detailed examples. The essay was written so that anyone who reads it could understand it.