Collectivism — the political philosophy holding that an individual exists solely to serve the state — is dominant and has led to the establishment of a global dictatorship of the Fascist or Communist variety.
The story of Anthem takes place in an unnamed Communist- or Fascist-like dictatorship of the future, where an individual has no rights, existing solely to serve the state. The hero, Equalityis a brilliant young man who yearns to be a scientist, but who is commanded to be a Street Sweeper by a government that fears his independence of mind.
The citizens of this society are pawns without rights who exist as wards of the state. They are born in state-controlled hospitals, raised in state-controlled nurseries, educated in state-controlled schools, toil at state-assigned jobs, and sleep in massive barracks organized by the state.
Citizens have no personal lives or loves; they cannot choose friends or lovers. Instead, they engage in state-controlled breeding, in which the government decides who sleeps with whom and when.
Even their names are variations on collectivist slogans — Unity, Fraternity, International, and so on — followed by numbers, indicating the many "brothers" who share the slogan for a name.
Above all, the word "I" has been outlawed; it is the "Unspeakable Word" that has been erased from the language and from the thoughts of citizens.
All first-person references have been expunged from individual thought. When individuals speak of themselves, they use the collective "we," there being no individualistic concepts or words available.
The struggle of Equality to think, live, and love on his own terms and in conflict with the oppressive dictatorship forms the heart of Anthem. The novella is informed with a sense of urgency derived from the popularity of various collectivist factions existing at the time of its writing that continue to exist to this day.
In the s, a number of U. Ayn Rand was born in Russia in and raised during the Russian Revolution. She saw firsthand the horrors of Communism in action. She witnessed the confiscation of private property, the persecution and disappearance of political dissidents, and through reports from her family that remained in Russia, the extermination of millions by Josef Stalin.
Escaping to America — the freest country in history — she was horrified to find present and increasingly popular the very ideas she had fled. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, though certainly not an advocate of totalitarianism, implemented, in the New Deal, a myriad of programs that were loosely based on the premise that moral virtue resides exclusively in selfless service to others.
Before the war, moral support existed in the United States for both the Communists and the Nazis; even after the war, support for Communism persisted among the intellectuals, as it does to this day.
Ayn Rand wrote Anthem in the s as a warning to Western civilization about the horrors of collectivism, whether of the Nazi or Communist variety. Without doubt, the most strikingly original feature of the book is its use of language. In the society depicted in the story, the process of collectivization has been completed at a level far deeper than the political.
This society has successfully brainwashed its citizens to believe that only toil for others is good, and that they should exist utterly bereft of a personal life. The collectivist masters have also succeeded in radically altering the thought patterns of its citizens.
Leaders have obliterated all concepts of individuality from human minds. Concepts such as "I," "me," or any other individualistic, first-person references have been extirpated from language and from human thinking.
Only collectivist thought and speech are permitted.Anthem, like all of Ayn Rand's books, is as much a theoretical essay expressing her ideological claims as a novel.
In this book, the character Equality is a classic Rand superman, living in. The story of Anthem takes place in some unspecified future time and place in which freedom and individual rights have been obliterated. Collectivism — the political philosophy holding that an individual exists solely to serve the state — is dominant and has led to the establishment of a global.
Book Report of Anthem by Ayn Rand The book Anthem was written by Ayn Rand and was first published by Signet in The book was about a boy and a .
Anthem. A Novel by Ayn Rand With a Preface and Notes by Richard Lawrence. Chapter Quick Links: Foreword One Two Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine Ten Eleven Twelve. For more information on Anthem, including links to summaries and study guides, visit the Anthem page in the ORC Books section.
ANTHEM Ayn Rand once said that her novella AYN RAND Anthem, written in the summer of , was like “the preliminary sketches which artists draw for their future big canvases. I wrote Anthem while working on The Fountainhead — it has the same theme, spirit and intention, although in.
Born February 2, , Ayn Rand published her first novel, We the Living, in Anthem followed in It was with the publication of The Fountainhead () and Atlas Shrugged () that she achieved her spectacular grupobittia.coms: