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Two Ways There are two ways for people to get along in this world. One looks like this. And the other looks like this. In the first, one person is above the other, with communication going from the upper to the lower.
In the second people are side by side, with communication going both ways. And so I will talk about it first.
We see it in business, in government, and in families. Before I explain what makes it seem efficient, let me give names to the two people. I call the upper person the Master, and the lower one the Slave.
After a while, people actually began to object to my words.
Check out the controversies here. They did not want to be labeled or they already had other uses for the words. But then, I looked deeper at the use of the terms and found that two great philosophers used the same terms for the same issues: So I guessed I was in good company and kept the terms — Master and Slave.
Because in it decisions not necessarily good ones can be made very quickly. And often quick decisions are important to a group of people.
This truth system determines all the black and white things, what is absolute. How does it work? If you want to know what is the true — you ask the Master. What is really going on? What should be done? You never ask the Slave. If a couple wants to decide whether they are going to go into town on a Saturday afternoon, they simply turn to the Master.
It falls apart all the time. You can see this all around you. What makes it so? First, Masters never know when the Slave is going to rebel. Slaves always rebel sooner or later.
Think of the great slave rebellions in history: Second source of instability is in the poor quality of the decisions made. Both Master and Slave have lots of data.
But Slaves are not talking. They are typically quiet, and are told to be. Amazingly the Slave often knows more about what is going on than Masters do. Slaves know what they themselves know and they know what the Master knows since the Master talks.
I call it the Punishment System and it creates the painful things that happen or are threatened to happen to the Slave, if the Slave does not go along with the point of view of the Master.
Now, the punishment system comes in two forms: This includes shaming, ridiculing, put-downs, humiliation, derogation, etc. The shaming can be very subtle or quite obvious.
In a company this might mean a demotion.Still, critical reading is more than paranoid doubt, or trying to "slam" every essay the reader finds. Critical reading is different than skeptical reading. Critical reading is the deliberate act of testing concepts, trying ideas on for size.
1. Foreword by David Cameron, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Corruption is the cancer at the heart of so many of our problems in the world today. Critical thinking is simply reasoning out whether a claim is true, partly true, sometimes true, or false. Logic is applied by the critical thinker to understand character, motivation, point of view and expression.
Critical theory is a school of thought that stresses the reflective assessment and critique of society and culture by applying knowledge from the social sciences and the grupobittia.com a term, critical theory has two meanings with different origins and histories: the first originated in sociology and the second originated in literary criticism, whereby it is used and applied as an umbrella term.
I. “Silliest internet atheist argument” is a hotly contested title, but I have a special place in my heart for the people who occasionally try to prove Biblical fallibility by pointing out whales are not a type of fish.
White privilege (or white skin privilege) is the societal privilege that benefits people whom society identifies as white in some countries, beyond what is commonly experienced by non-white people under the same social, political, or economic circumstances.
Academic perspectives such as critical race theory and whiteness studies use the concept to analyze how racism and racialized societies.