This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Abstracts of scientific papers are sometimes poorly written, often lack important information, and occasionally convey a biased picture. This paper provides detailed suggestions, with examples, for writing the background, methods, results, and conclusions sections of a good abstract.
Philip KoopmanCarnegie Mellon University October, Abstract Because on-line search databases typically contain only abstracts, it is vital to write a complete but concise description of your work to entice potential readers into obtaining a copy of the full paper. This article describes how to write a good computer architecture abstract for both conference and journal papers.
Writers should follow a checklist consisting of: Following this checklist should increase the chance of people taking the time to obtain and read your complete paper. Introduction Now that the use of on-line publication databases is prevalent, writing a really good abstract has become even more important than it was a decade ago.
Abstracts have always served the function of "selling" your work. But now, instead of merely convincing the reader to keep reading the rest of the attached paper, an abstract must convince the reader to leave the comfort of an office and go hunt down a copy of the article from a library or worse, obtain one after a long wait through inter-library loan.
In a business context, an "executive summary" is often the only piece of a report read by the people who matter; and it should be similar in content if not tone to a journal paper abstract. Parts of an Abstract Despite the fact that an abstract is quite brief, it must do almost as much work as the multi-page paper that follows it.
In a computer architecture paper, this means that it should in most cases include the following sections.
Each section is typically a single sentence, although there is room for creativity. In particular, the parts may be merged or spread among a set of sentences. Use the following as a checklist for your next abstract: Why do we care about the problem and the results? If the problem isn't obviously "interesting" it might be better to put motivation first; but if your work is incremental progress on a problem that is widely recognized as important, then it is probably better to put the problem statement first to indicate which piece of the larger problem you are breaking off to work on.
This section should include the importance of your work, the difficulty of the area, and the impact it might have if successful. What problem are you trying to solve? What is the scope of your work a generalized approach, or for a specific situation?
Be careful not to use too much jargon.
In some cases it is appropriate to put the problem statement before the motivation, but usually this only works if most readers already understand why the problem is important.
How did you go about solving or making progress on the problem? Did you use simulation, analytic models, prototype construction, or analysis of field data for an actual product?
What was the extent of your work did you look at one application program or a hundred programs in twenty different programming languages?Here are some very successful sample abstracts from a range of different disciplines written by advanced undergraduate students.
Notice that while all of them are strong, interesting, and convincing, each one was written at a different point in the project’s process. Good: If the journal you want to publish in accepts graphical abstracts, it is a good idea to submit one, making your article more noticeable.
Professional illustration, including through Elsevier’s Illustration Service, can help make it impactful. These abstracts may also be seen in review articles or conference proceedings. In scientific writing, on the other hand, abstracts are usually structured to describe the background, methods, results, and conclusions, with or without subheadings.
Practical Abstract Examples.
Getting into college is a huge achievement; still, it comes with some strings attached. In particular, students will have to write all sorts of new academic assignments, and follow some totally new formatting requirements. Apr 01, · Reader Approved How to Write a Scientific Abstract.
Three Parts: Preparing to Write an Abstract Structuring an Abstract Checking Style and Flow Community Q&A A scientific abstract summarizes your research paper or article in a concise, clearly written way that informs readers about the article's content%(5).
Nov 09, · How to Write an Abstract. In this Article: Article Summary Getting Your Abstract Started Writing Your Abstract Formatting Your Abstract Community Q&A If you need to write an abstract for an academic or scientific paper, don't panic!
Your abstract is simply a short, stand-alone summary of the work or paper that others can use as an overview. An abstract describes what you do in your essay 85%().