Unless the rock was thrown by a human being, or otherwise set up to fall with the purpose of killing you, we don't apprehend any intent here. This is just a chance occurrence, that you happen to be under the falling rock. In the case of the sperm and the egg though, it is not a chance occurrence, that they "find each other", because the activities of the sperm are purposeful, the sperm actually seeks the egg to the extent of its limited capacities.
Eric Fromm and the Social Unconscious The truth is often realized through balance, found in the middle ground between opposing extremes—a reality Fromm embraced when developing his theory of the unconscious. Fromm blended the ideas of both Freud and Marx, creating a compromise between the Freudian emphasis on the unconsciousbiological drives, repression, etc.
To Fromm, freedom was central to human nature. Humans, according to Fromm, actually try to escape from this freedom through the following ways: Freedom, for all its promise of excitement, is also a lonely prospect; true freedom is associated with having no commitments, and nothing to lose—it is marked by a profound separateness.
It is perhaps unsurprising, then, that we seek to escape this freedom by fusing ourselves with others. One of the more primitive ways in which we do this is by becoming a part of an authoritarian system, either by submitting to it joining an existing structure or by becoming authoritarian applying structure to others.
Regardless of your chosen method, the result is the same: Fromm used the terms masochism and sadism to denote the extreme versions of authoritarianism, and observed that the sadist, no matter his apparent power, feels as compelled to act out his role as the masochist, and is thus not free to choose his actions.
Authoritarianism is by no means limited to dictatorships and other extreme examples, however; mild versions of it are found in many places—think of the relationship between students and professors, for instance: Students seek structure, and the professor adheres to his notes.
Authoritarians respond to a painful existence by effectively erasing themselves via the systems they inhabit; destroyers, on the other hand, try to erase the world around them so it cannot cause pain. Many seemingly random acts of brutality, vandalism, humiliation, crime, terrorism, and so on, can be accounted for by this manner of escape from freedom.
After all, perfection likely does not exist, and therefore cannot be reached, meaning that efforts to do so are invariably frustrating and can come full circle to create an extreme lack of motivation i.
Adler postulated that since we all have various issues and shortcomings as people, our personalities develop largely through the ways in which we do or do not compensate for or overcome these inherent challenges.
The Quest for Self-Actualization Terms like self-actualization and validation are thrown around a lot today; as our culture steadily moves more and more toward the celebration of the individual, these phrases are often used as catchy descriptors for the realization and affirmation of the self… But where do they come from, and what processes truly underlie self-actualization?
The term self-actualization owes its origins to the Humanistic psychological theory, most notably the theories of Abraham Maslow. Maslow believed that individuals who managed to become self-actualized people were able to resolve common ideological conflicts, such as that between determinism and free will, due to their enhanced creativity and psychological robustness.
Physiological needs physical, survival-based needssuch as the need for food, water, sleep and air. These are on the bottom of the pyramid and represent our most basic needs. The need for safety, security, and protection; the need for a stable and secure environment free from strife is next on the pyramid; human growth cannot progress beyond this stage without safety, as feeling safe allows people to cease thinking about their survival-based needs and move on to more intangible desires.
The need for love and belonging comes next, love from family and partners, peer acceptance, etc.
Abraham Maslow also said that self actualization as ”the full use and exploitation of talents, capacities and potentialities.” This is because self actualization is the weakest needs and people are usually afraid of the self knowledge for self actualization that may change their self-concept. The concept of self-actualization is best known in the field of psychology in the context of Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. The decades-old idea is certainly an area of interest in modern psychology research, but many still only know it as the top of Maslow’s motivational pyramid. Excellent essay, thank you. The connection to Victor Frankl was especially appropriate. I think we all hope to go beyond self-actualization, which seems to me to be an inwardly focused view of the world, toward transcendence, which seems outwardly focused.
This love sets the stage for the next level of the pyramid: The need for self-esteem, self-respect, and respect from others; the fundaments of self-love, in essence.
The Jungian Model of the Psyche Few people have had as much influence on modern psychology as Carl Jung; we have Jung to thank for concepts like extroversion and introversion, archetypes, modern dream analysis, and the collective unconscious.
Psychological terms coined by Jung include the archetype, the complex, synchronicity, and it is from his work that the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator MBTI was developed, a popular staple of personality tests today.
Jung saw the psyche as something that could be divided into component parts with complexes and archetypal contents personified, in a metaphorical sense, and functioning rather like secondary selves that contribute to the whole.
His concept of the psyche is broken down as follows: It is the part that links the inner and outer worlds together, forming how we relate to that which is external to us.Self-Actualization Scale For Needs Assessment (SASNA) Needs Analysis Scaling Tool Developed by L.
Michael Hall, Ph.D. The Matrix Embedded Hierarchy of Human Needs is a Neuro-Semantic model developed from the work of Abraham Maslow and his Hierarchy of Needs model. This model Self-Actualization Needs: excellence, exploration. Developing creativity, motivation, and self-actualization with learning systems psychology with respect to creativity, motivation, and self-actualization.
After particularly in creative and self-actualized pursuits. The next section addresses. The base of Maslow's pyramid contains our most basic biological needs, while safety, love, and self-esteem form the next three levels, respectively. The textbook capstone of the pyramid is a desire for self-actualization, or self-fulfillment.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a motivational theory in psychology comprising a five-tier model of human needs, often depicted as hierarchical levels within a pyramid.
Maslow's Theory of Self-Actualization and Giving Up on Dreams - As we can see, in the daily life we are living in, people always give up on their dreams very easily. Oct 13, · Maslow (): a Number of The qualities of self-actualized people Though we’re all, theoretically, capable of self-actualizing, the majority of US will not do so, or and then a restricted degree.
Maslow () estimated that just two-percent of individuals can attain their state of self-actualization.