These profiles have been written by Alpha History authors. Born in Thuringia to a blue-collar family, Dix trained as an artist from childhood. He enlisted in the German army in earlysaw extensive service as a machine gunner on both the Eastern and Western Fronts, and won the Iron Cross. After the war, the traumatised Dix returned to his painting.
The period from the start of the regencies of Anna Amalia — and her son Carl August — through to Goethe's death in is denoted as the "golden" or the "classical" age because of the high level of cultural activity in Weimar.
The city became an important cultural centre of Europe, having been home to such luminaries as GoetheSchillerHerderWieland and Bertuch ; and in music the piano virtuoso Hummel. It has been a site of pilgrimage for the German intelligentsia since Goethe first moved to Weimar in Goethe was also active in civic duties while living there.
The tombs of Goethe and Schiller, as well as their archives, may be found in the city. Goethe's Elective Affinities is set around the city of Weimar. In comparison to many major German states, the dukes' policy was liberal and tolerant in this period.
The liberal Saxe-Weimar constitution was brought into effect in Silver Ages and The New Weimar — [ edit ] The time after Goethe's death is denoted as the "silver" age because Weimar remained an influential cultural centre.
The first emphasis was fostering music.
Liszt organized the premiere of Richard Wagner 's Lohengrin in the city. The Weimar School of Music was founded in as Germany's first orchestra school. Richard Strauss worked in Weimar between and as second conductor in the acclaimed Staatskapelle Weimar the court orchestra founded in Several of his encores for works such as Don Juan and Macbeth were performed by the Staatskapelle Weimar.
Friedrich Nietzsche moved to Weimar inand died there three years later. This was the beginning of academic arts education in Weimar.
It was a foundation against Prussia 's restrictive arts policy favouring Historicism instead of international Arts and Crafts and Art Nouveau. As early as the 19th century, the curation of Weimar and its heritage started. Many archives, societies and museums were founded to present and conserve the cultural sights and goods.
InWeimar was connected by the Thuringian Railway. In the following decades, the city saw a construction and population boom like most lateth century cities in Germany. Nevertheless, Weimar did not become industrialised, and remained a city of clerks, artists and rentiers. During the German Revolution of —19 the last reigning grand duke of Saxe-Weimar-EisenachWilliam Ernesthad to abdicate and went in exile to Heinrichau in Silesia.
Weimar Republic[ edit ] The period in German history from to is commonly referred to as the Weimar Republicas the Republic's constitution was drafted here.
Berlin as the capital was considered too dangerous for the National Assembly to use as a meeting place, because of its street rioting after the German Revolution. The calm and centrally-located Weimar had a suitable place of assembly the theatrehotels and infrastructure, so it was chosen as the capital.
Due to that fact, the city experienced another period of growth. The Bauhaus in Weimar lasted from towhen it moved to Dessauafter the newly elected right-wing Thuringian council put pressure on the School by withdrawing funding and forcing its teachers to quit.
Many buildings in Weimar today have influences from the Bauhaus period. However, only one original Bauhaus building was constructed during —, the Haus am Hornnow used for exhibitions and events on Bauhaus culture. The Weimar Republic era was marked by a constant conflict between "progressive" forces and right wing forces, the former represented by Harry Graf Kessler and the latter Adolf Bartels in Weimar.
Afterthe right wing forces prevailed and Weimar became an early centre of Nazism. Adolf Hitler visited Weimar more than forty times prior to Inthe first Nazi concentration camps were established around Weimar in Nohra the first one in Germany and Bad Sulza.
Most prisoners at this time were communists and social democrats. After Kristallnacht inharassment of Jews became more intense, so that many of them emigrated or were arrested.
The Weimar Synagogue was destroyed in During the s, the barracks in Weimar was greatly extended. One famous person serving as a soldier in Weimar was Wolfgang Borchertlater a well known poet and playwright.
As it was the capital of Thuringia, the Nazis built a new Roman-fascist-style administrative centre between the city centre and the main station. This Gauforumdesigned by Hermann Gieslerwas the only Nazi governmental building completed outside Berlin though there were plans for all German state capitals.The Weimar Republic (German: Weimarer Republik [ˈvaɪmaʁɐ ʁepuˈbliːk] (listen)) is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state during the years to The name derives from the city of Weimar, where its constitutional assembly first took place.
New Objectivity: Modern German Art in the Weimar Republic [Stephanie Barron, Sabine Eckmann, Christian Fuhrmeister, Keith Holz, Andreas Huyssen] on grupobittia.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
This beautifully illustrated book brings together a dazzling variety of works and provides fresh insight into artistic expressions of life in the Weimar Republic. The Weimar constitution. In the month following the signing of the treaty, the Weimar constituent assembly completed a draft constitution for the new republic, resulting in what was hailed as the most modern democratic constitution of its day.
Despite its upheaval, Weimar Germany was at the forefront of new styles and movements in art and design.
Innovations in Weimar art were shaped in part by the social and economic conditions in post-war Germany. The impact of World War I, the collapse of the monarchy and the end of authoritarian.
“The Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) presents New Objectivity: Modern German Art in the Weimar Republic, , the first comprehensive show in the United States to explore the themes that characterize the dominant artistic trends of the Weimar Republic. Organized in association with the Museo Correr in Venice, Italy, this.
The most influential visual arts movement in Weimar was the Bauhaus School, founded by Walter Gropius in the town of Weimar in Walter Gropius, Regarded as a pioneer in modern.